What Exactly is Food Science and Technology?Food science and technology is the study of the various chemical and physical properties and components of food and how they respond to processing, preservation and storage. It is the application of this knowledge plus that from other disciplines such as chemistry, biochemistry, microbiology and engineering, that is needed in providing a wide variety of safe, appealing and affordable foods for sustenance and for pleasure. Food scientists and technologists must be able to apply know-how to produce, process, package, preserve, store, distribute and prepare quality food - efficiently and consistently. Essentially, they take over at the point where the harvested produce enters the factory or processing plant and their contribution ends when the consumer expresses satisfaction with the final product and makes the decision to purchase the product again.
Typical Food Science and Technology Job Duties in the Food IndustryDepending on the size and type of factory or organisation that they are employed in, food scientists and technologists could be involved in one, some or most of the following activities. Some could be doing research, focusing on any one of the listed activities but doing so in the more academic environment of a research institute or university, rather than in, or close to, a processing plant.
- Develop new products and improve existing ones.
- Experiment with new ingredients, processes and packaging to optimise safety, consumer satisfaction, performance and quality and minimise costs and waste.
- Set requirements and specifications for raw materials needed in new and existing products and check for conformance by means of visual, analytical and sensory methods.
- Set specifications for products and processes and test for conformance.
- Conduct taste panels to optimise new product formulations, to monitor production line conformance and solve off-flavour problems.
- Continuously keep abreast of changes and amendments to legislation and regulations and be prepared to respond when drafts are published for comments.
- Ensure that all raw materials, products, processes, practises, premises and packaging, labels and advertising conform to the various legal requirements.
- Take regular samples of ingredients, products, the environment, etc., according to specified sampling techniques, in order to analyse products, raw materials and the effect of clean-up operations to ensure conformance to technical, nutrient, safety, microbiological and other quality standards and specifications.
- Set up and run an active hygiene committee to maximise and maintain standards, train staff and establish a culture of hygiene, cleanliness and safety.
- Solve problems relating to processing, packaging, spoilage, rancidity, infestation, general non-conformance, product failure, returns and complaints, etc.
- Implement quality, food safety and good manufacturing procedures.
- Conduct regular audits to maintain plant, process and product standards, including own products sourced from supermarket shelves.
- Prepare, cook, and sensorially evaluate products to ensure conformance and customer satisfaction.
- Follow up customer complaints with a view to solving problems and improving processes, procedures and products in order to maximise consumer acceptance.
- Monitor and control environmental impacts.
- Liaise with and educate the community with respect to technical aspects of food and its processing.
- Read, attend training courses, workshops, congresses, symposia and exhibitions offered by experts in the field in order to keep up to date with developments and trends locally and abroad.
- Join SAAFoST, the organisation for food science and technology professionals in South Africa, to keep abreast of technology, network and demonstrate an interest in and commitment to the promotion of food professionalism in the food industry.
Food Science Internships South Africa
Food Science Courses in South Africa
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Food Science Honours Degree from University of Pretoria Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences Minimum duration of study: 1 year Total credits: 135 Programme information Renewal of registration Subject to exceptions approved by the Dean, on the recommendation of the head of department, and in the case of distance education where the Dean formulates the stipulations that will apply, a student may not sit for an examination for the honours degree more than twice in the same module. A student for an honours degree must complete his or her study, in the case of full-time students, within two years and, in the case of after-hours students, within three years of first registering for the degree and, in the case of distance education students, within the period stipulated by the Dean. Under special circumstances, the Dean, on the recommendation of the head of department, may give approval for a limited extension of this period. In calculating marks, General Regulation G.12.2 applies. Apart from the prescribed coursework, a research project is an integral part of the study. Admission requirements A BSc in Food Science degree with a pass mark of at least 60%. A candidate with another, applicable academic background can be […]
university of pretoria
Food Technology Diploma Course from Cape Peninsula University of Technology ND: (National Diploma) Food technology is the scientific study of the large-scale production and preservation of foods as well as the development and analysis of foodstuffs in industrial food processing facilities. Food technologists are involved in the following areas of food manufacture: quality assurance, processing technology, chemistry and microbiology. In addition, they are trained to ensure that both legal and industrial food standards are monitored and maintained prior to marketing. They are also part of research teams and have to solve technical problems when raw materials are converted to preserved foods in factories.Training takes place in modern, on-campus food processing facilities and well-equipped laboratories with motivated and well-qualified staff having a wealth of industrial and teaching experience. This facilitates the training of analytically-orientated graduates for a role in the development, production and analysis of better, safer, nutritious and more satisfying food products. Career Opportunities in Food Technology With population growth, new scientific and technological challenges present themselves daily in a career that can lead to rich rewards and excellent job opportunities, for both men and women.Graduates apply proven techniques and procedures to the production, analysis, development and packaging of safe, […]
cape peninsula university of technology