The LLB is the first professional qualification for legal practitioners and provides qualifiers with the necessary theoretical knowledge and practical skills to gain entry into the formal legal profession (eg attorneys/advocates), or to follow other careers in law.
Introduction to University of Pretoria Law Undergraduate programmes
The Faculty of Law at the University of Pretoria on undergraduate level offers the LLB programme. This programme equips students for the legal profession and various other fields. The LLB is the basic requirement for entrance to the legal profession. After secondary schooling, students who qualify may immediately enrol for an LLB, or may register for the LLB after completing a BCom (Law) or BA (Law) or any other degree.
In the first year students are given a basic introduction to the South African legal system. Emphasis is placed on the development of skills, especially language skills and computer literacy. Students also enrol for additional non-law subjects to ensure that they are exposed to a wide range of subjects.
During the following three years, all of the core aspects of the law are covered. The Faculty of Law prides itself on its thorough foundation in commercial law, which is of obvious importance to those who will work in the corporate world.
Two features distinguish the fourth year from other LLB programmes in the country. Apart from doing some compulsory courses, students are allowed to select courses in their final year that assist them in cultivating their interests, and to explore new subject fields. There are 28 electives that cover areas that are as diverse as Law and the Community, Environmental Law, Transnational Business Law and Cyber Law. Students are also required to complete an independent research project (dissertation), which has to be presented as part of a seminar.
Introduction to University of Pretoria Law Postgraduate programmes
The Faculty of Law at the University of Pretoria is widely recognised as a leader in the field of postgraduate programmes. The LLM/MPhil and LLD/PhD programmes presented by the Faculty enable students to specialise in their chosen fields by engaging with experts on an advanced level.
Admission Requirements to BCom or BA Law at University of Pretoria
- In order to register for degree programmes, NSC/IEB/Cambridge candidates must comply with the minimum requirements for degree studies as well as the minimum requirements for the relevant programme.
- Life Orientation is excluded when calculating the Admission Point Score (APS). The following persons may also be considered for admission: a candidate who is in possession of a certificate that is deemed by the University to be equivalent to the required Grade 12 certificate with university endorsement; a candidate who is a graduate from another tertiary institution or has been granted the status of a graduate of such an institution; and a candidate who is a graduate of another faculty at the University of Pretoria.
Note: Candidates who obtained a BA (Law) or BCom (Law) degree at UP will not be subjected to a selection process and will automatically be admitted to register for the LLB degree.
- International students must obtain a full exemption certificate from Universities South Africa before they will be considered for admission.
- A conditional exemption certificate is not accepted for admission to LLB studies.
- LLB is a full-time four-year programme. Students are not permitted to obtain full-time employment while registered for LLB.
- Only applicants who comply with all the above-mentioned admission requirements will be considered for admission.
Other programme-specific information and Subjects Offered
The Dean determines which elective modules will be presented each year, taking into consideration the availability of lecturing personnel, space and financial implications and/or other circumstances. The Dean may determine the maximum number of registrations for a specific elective module. The Dean may, on recommendation of the relevant head of department, determine that a particular fourth-year elective module will not be offered where on the first day of lectures nine or fewer students are registered for the module.
The Dean has the discretion to credit any other legal module of equal standard passed at another institution as an elective.
The following aspects should be kept in mind:
• Students have to familiarise themselves with the prerequisites for modules from other faculties.
• The modules must fit in on the timetable.
• Number limits of some modules.
Advisory note: Students who intend to pursue an LLB degree must note that to obtain the LLB degree they will be required to obtain at least 24 credits from the following list of language modules: AFR 110, AFR 120, AFR 114, ENG 118, ENG 110, ENG 120.
Elective modules for fourth year of study:
4 modules selected from the following list:
• Law and transformation 410 (AMR 410)
• Alternative dispute resolution 420 (AGF 420)
• Child law 410 (KID 410)
• Deeds and notarial practice 410 (ANO 410) [prerequisite: SAR 310] • Education law 420 (ONR 420)
• Environmental law 410 (OMR 410)
• Information and communications technology law 420 (KUB 420)
• International elective module 1 (IET 411)
• International elective module 2 (IET 412)
• International elective module 3 (IET 413)
• International elective module 4 (IET 414)
• International humanitarian law 420 (PUR 420)
• Jurisprudence 420 (JUR 420)
• Land and land reform law 420 (GHR 420)
• Law and the community 420 (CLW 420)
• Law of banking and financial institutions 410 (LBF 410)
• Law of damages 410 (SGR 410)
• Law of securities 410 (LOC 410)
• Legal problems of HIV and Aids 410 (RHV 410)
• Media law 420 (MDR 420)
• Medical law 410 (GRG 410)
• Moot Court 420 (SKH 420)(students representing UP in the African Human Rights Moot Court Competition or in the Phillip Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition)
• Municipal law 410 (MRG 410)
• Practical law 400 (PRR 400)(see # below) (20 credits; 2 electives)
• Private international law 410 (IPR 410)
• Social security law 420 (SOR 420)
• Sports law 420 (SRR 420)
• Statutory crimes 410 (SMI 410)
• Tax practice 420 (BLP 420)
• Transnational business law 420 (TBR 420)
• Trusts and estates 410 (TBS 410)
# Practical law 400
The number of students who may be admitted to the module Practical law (PRR 400) is predetermined by the Dean, in consultation with the Head of the Department of Procedural Law.
Prospective students must apply for admission to the module.
Should more students apply for admission to the module than can be accepted, a selection process will take place on the basis of a student’s previous performance and an interview with the Director of the Law Clinic.
Students are promoted on the basis of tests, satisfactory execution of assignments, sessions in the Law Clinic and an oral examination.
Practical law (PRR 400) counts 20 credits and counts as two electives.
Certain modules are only applicable to exchange students.
1. Repeating of modules and maximum number of modules per year
• Students who fail modules must repeat the modules in the following year.
• Students will, however, not be allowed to take more than 200 credits per year. (This will mean that in certain instances students will not be allowed to take all the modules required for a specific year as the outstanding modules must first be repeated and passed.) The Dean may, however, exercise discretion to grant exemption from this provision.
• It is the student’s responsibility to choose modules that will not lead to class, test or examination timetable clashes.
2. Credit for modules
Students transferring from another university can only obtain credit for at the most 50% of the modules needed for the degree and must complete at least 50% of the modules at the University of Pretoria.
Dean’s merit list
The Student Administration office publishes the Dean’s merit list by March of every calendar year. The list contains the student numbers, in chronological sequence, of those students who achieved a weighted average (ie in accordance with the credit value of each module) of at least 75% in the preceding calendar year.
The weighted average is calculated as follows: The final mark obtained for each module for which the student registered in the preceding calendar year is multiplied by the credit value for that particular module. The sum of the values so obtained for each module are added together and divided by the total of the credit values of all modules for which the student registered in the preceding calendar year. The average so calculated is not rounded off.
A student who failed module(s) or who failed to gain entrance to the exam in the module(s) in a given calendar year may not appear on the Dean’s merit list for that calendar year. A student who registered for less than nine modules in a calendar year may not appear on the Dean’s merit list for that calendar year. Modules passed at other universities are not considered in calculating the weighted average.