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Life Orientation Grade 12 Past Exam Papers, Revision Notes, Memos and Study Guide (2021, 2020, 2019)

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This page contains all Life Orientation Grade 12 Learning Resources such as Revision Notes, Revision Videos, Past Papers and Memos Pdfs for download, Free Study guides, Text books.

Past Exam Papers for Life Orientation Grade 12 include February/March, June, September, and November the following years: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, and 2016.

On this page, you will find exemplars preparatory exam papers for: Gauteng, Limpopo, Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Kwazulu Natal, Mpumalanga, Free State, and North West Province.

Some of the useful resources on this page include: Exercises, Class Assessments Plans, Assignments and Answers, Research Tasks, Essays Topics and more. Resources are for all terms: Term 1, Term 2, Term 3, and Term 4. 

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Important sections for Life Orientation Grade 12

Reflect on the process of assessment and examination writing skills and apply these skills: revise own study skills, strategies and styles

Importance of School Based Assessment

What is an assessment?

  • An assessment is a continuous planned process of gathering information on achievement.

Why do we assess?

  • To indicate clearly what needs to be achieved and to inform the learner about the areas of study that need more attention. This will help improve the standard of their work.
  • To identify how a learner cope with new knowledge, content and skills.
  • To specify whether a learner needs to do extra work or not.
  • An assessment is an important tool to identify the development of a learner's potential.

 

The process of Assessment

An assessment has both positive and negative impact on the learner.

  • May increase anxiety due to the fear of failure (e.g. negative impact).
  • Might be excited as a result of obtaining a high score in a particular task (e.g. positive impact).

Popular questions for SBA:

  1. Define the term assessment.
  2. What is School-based assessment(SBA)?
  3. What is school-based assessment in SouthAfrica?
  4. In your view can SBA assist in reducing pressure of the examination?
  5. Again, in your view, does SBA help the learning process, say why?
  6. How many types of SBA are there, name them?
  7. Most importantly, who administers, scores and records SBA?
 
The role of the media in a democratic society: electronic and print media

Electronic and print media

  • Electronic media are any media that need electricity or batteries, such as the Internet and emails, websites, blogs, Facebook, Twitter, radio, TV, film and DVDs.
  • Print media: includes books, newspapers, magazines, pamphlets, brochures, posters and billboards
  • Whistle blower - a person who reports illegal or immoral activities.
  • Investigative journalists - news reporters who try to find information that is of interest to the public, but that someone or an institution may try to hide.
  • Blasphemy- something that is insulting

Role of The Media in a Democracy:

  • The role of the media is to inform society about daily events that are newsworthy.
  • In a democracy, the media’s communicated, and educate.
  • The media play an important role in informing citizens about their government,
  • their rights. and freedom and their health and safety.
  • Expose violations of human rights.
  • Report on unlawful activities, the court and court cases.
  • Expose corruption and mismanagement.
  • Communicate, inform and educate and entertain.
  • Shape the public’s opinion.
  • Give political information that can inform voters.
  • Identify problems in our country and communities.
  • Promote debate and discussion.
  • Promote nation-building, by giving access to diverse viewpoints and world views, as well as sports cover.
     

The role and responsibility of the media in a democratic society includes:

  • Being fair
  • Honest and
  • Reliable

Examples of when the media does not fulfil their roles responsibly include:

  • Most media make money from advertisements and sponsors. The media therefore aim to satisfy the interests of their advertisers. These may not the same as the interests of the public. They may withhold information or give biased reports, to satisfy their sponsors.
  • News entertains rather than informs. Some media are filled with gossip, scandals, sex and violence rather than facts.
  • Political news is often more about personalities, than about politicians’ work and contributions. Media publicize the scandalous private lives of politicians and their families, which have nothing to do with their work.
  • The lives of famous stars are made difficult by the paparazzi (photojournalists who follow or chase after celebrities and politicians in both their public and private lives, looking for scandal) who invade their privacy. The media are like vultures when celebrities are in trouble; they persecute rather than protect them.
  • The media sometimes exaggerate dangers and make people afraid for no reason.
  • News and interpretation of events may be biased, incomplete or incorrect.
  • The information in the printed press, radio and TV has been selected from a large pool of information. Somebody, somewhere, made a decision on what was necessary to tell the public and what not. What is not told may be just as important as what is told.
Freedom of expression and limitations

Freedom of limitations means that you can express your ideas and opinions freely through speech, writing, and other forms of communication. Freedom of expression is a basic right in a democratic society, and it applies to everyone, including individuals and the media. People may not express viewpoints that violate the rights of others.

CONSTITUTIONAL LIMITATIONS TO FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION

The right in the constitution does not include:

  • Propaganda for war

  • Incitement of imminent violence

  • Advocacy hatred that is based on race, ethnicity, gender or religion

  • Incitement to cause harm

This means you have freedom of speech, but cannot use hate speech. You cannot use racist language, or discriminate against anyone. You can nor encourage people to take part in violent acts, or hate others. The media may not publicize and distribute anything that can damage or harm people.

What is the Bill of Rights?

It is the right of all people who live in South Africa called the Bill of right

Human Rights that you should be aware of:

  • Equality: All people are equal and must be treated equally
  • Freedom of association: You can associate with whoever you want to.Personal privacy: You cannot be searched or have your home or possessions searched without a warrant. (Principal of the schools, by law, do have the right possession of illegal substance and dangerous weapons) People cannot open your mail or listen to your phone calls.
  • Freedom of religion, belief and opinion: Everyone can say or print or photograph whatever they want provided they do not break the law.
  • Freedom of association: You can associate with whoever you want to.
     
Critical analysis of media and campaigns

The term media, which is the plural of medium, refers to the communication channels through which we disseminate news, music, movies, education, promotional messages and other data. It includes physical and online newspapers and magazines, television, radio, billboards, telephone, the internet and fax.

The media can be evaluated according to the SA Press code, which includes:

  • reporting of news
  • gathering of news
  • independence and conflict of interest
  • privacy
  • dignity and reputation
  • discrimination and hate speech
  • advocacy
  • comment
  • children
  • violence
  • headlines, posters, pictures and captions
  • Confidential and anonymous sources

Some people criticise the media for a number of issues:

Problem with content

  • Content is dominated by business and or government.
  • Content is often influenced by advertisers.
  • Alarming the public by blowing up minor issues.
  • Concentrate more on entertainment

Problems with the presentation of the story

  • Inaccurate reporting where facts haven’t not been properly researched.
  • Sensationalism is used to make a story more interesting.
  • Base and subjective reporting especially during election times.
  • Sometimes perpetuates stereotypes.

Life Orientation Grade 12 PAst Exam Papers With Memos (Questions and Answers)

 

2021 Life Orientation Exam Papers

2020 Life Orientation Exam Papers

2019 Life Orientation Exam Papers

Exam Question Papers

Memo

2018 Life Orientation Exam Papers

Life Orientation Grade 12 Past Exam Papers, Revision Notes, Memos and Study Guide (2021).

What you will find on this page

Practical Assessment Tasks (PATs), Examination Scope for Learners, Marking Guidelines for Teachers, Exemplars and Preparatory Exam papers, Preliminary (Prelim) papers for different years, Youtube lessons for the specific lessons, Notes and more.

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How Exemplar Preparatory Exam Papers Can help you pass Grade 12

Passing Grade 12 with flying colours requires great effort combined with different strategies available for learners today. One of the best strategies is to use preparatory exam papers exemplars which are available on My Courses website. Exemplars preparatory exam papers for grade 12 help you to: 

  • Practice with real exam questions
  • Do your revision of the whole subject in a short space of time
  • Time yourself to complete the whole exam paper in a short space of time. This trains you to write fast in the exam.

 

Did You Know?

My Courses has plenty of exam preparation resources for Grade 12 Learners, as well as info about what Courses to study after Matric and where to study: Universities, Colleges, Business Schools, High Schools, Primary Schools and Training Companies. My Courses is one of the biggest Formal and Informal Education Directory in South Africa.

Other Past Papers and Memos for other Grade 12 Subjects