Reasons Why the Youth Seem Reluctant to Play an Active Role in Ensuring a Clean and Healthy Living Environment in Their Communities

Why do the youth in South Africa seem not interested in valuing a safe and living environment within their communities?

In the South African context, the apparent lack of interest among the youth in valuing a safe and living environment within their communities can be attributed to several factors:

  1. Economic Hardships: Many young South Africans face significant economic challenges, including high unemployment rates, which was reported to be around 32.5% for youth aged 15-34 years as of early 2021. This economic strain can lead youths to prioritize immediate survival and job seeking over environmental concerns.
    In 2024, the employment absorption rate for young men reached 31.9%, surpassing that of young women, which stood at 24.2%. Additionally, the unemployment rate among young females climbed to 49.4% in 2024, an increase from 46.1% in 2004, amounting to a rise of 3.3 percentage points.
  2. Education and Awareness: There is often a gap in environmental education and awareness among the youth. Schools may not adequately emphasize the importance of environmental stewardship, leading to a lack of appreciation for these issues among young people.
  3. Historical and Social Factors: Historically, under apartheid, black South Africans were marginalized and had limited access to quality education and resources, a legacy that affects perceptions and priorities today. This history has led to a focus on overcoming economic and social injustices over environmental issues.
  4. Infrastructure and Governmental Inaction: In many communities, especially in informal settlements like Khayelitsha or Diepsloot, inadequate governmental services related to waste management and safety can discourage active community engagement. When the government does not effectively manage or invest in safe and clean environments, it can demotivate youth from taking personal action.
  5. Globalization and Cultural Influence: Exposure to global consumer cultures through media and technology promotes materialism over sustainable living practices. This can detract from the value placed on maintaining a healthy living environment as consumerism takes precedence.
  6. Direct Experiences with Environmental Issues: In places like Port Elizabeth, where water scarcity has been a pressing issue, youths’ experiences with inefficient responses to environmental crises can lead to disillusionment and disengagement.

In essence, while the youth in South Africa may appear disinterested in environmental issues, this attitude is often a result of economic, educational, and infrastructural factors rather than a genuine disregard for the environment. Addressing these underlying issues through targeted educational programs, improved governmental policies, and community-led initiatives could help foster a greater sense of environmental responsibility among young South Africans.


To foster a greater commitment among South African youth towards valuing a safe and sustainable environment, a multi-faceted approach is necessary:

  1. Enhanced Environmental Education: Schools and universities should incorporate comprehensive environmental studies into their curricula, emphasizing the impact of environmental stewardship on community well-being and economic opportunities. Programs like the Eco-Schools initiative can be expanded to more schools, offering students hands-on projects and competitions that make learning about the environment both educational and exciting.
  2. Community Engagement Programs: Local governments can partner with NGOs to launch community engagement initiatives that involve youth directly in the planning and execution. These might include setting up youth councils focused on environmental issues, which would not only give young people a voice but also a platform to influence local environmental policies and projects.
  3. Infrastructure Improvements: The government should increase investments in infrastructure to provide better waste management systems and more green spaces, particularly in underserved communities. These improvements can be used as practical training grounds for young people, involving them in everything from design to maintenance, thereby fostering a sense of ownership and responsibility.
  4. Incentives for Environmental Innovation: Offering incentives for young entrepreneurs and students who develop innovative solutions to environmental challenges can stimulate interest in sustainability. Competitions for the best waste-reduction technology or the most effective use of renewable resources can encourage practical involvement in environmental solutions.
  5. Mentorship and Career Pathways: Establish partnerships between educational institutions and industries focused on green technologies and sustainable practices. This would provide mentorship opportunities and create clear career pathways for young people interested in environmental fields, helping them to see the value and viability of working in these areas.
  6. Public Awareness Campaigns: Launch dynamic public awareness campaigns using platforms popular among the youth, like social media, to highlight the importance of environmental issues. These campaigns can use local celebrities or influencers to drive messages home, making environmental responsibility resonate more effectively with the younger population.

By implementing these strategies, there can be a more profound and sustained engagement from South African youth in valuing and enhancing their community environments.


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