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Black Consciousness Movement Grade 12 Essay Guide (Question and Answers)

Black Consciousness Movement Grade 12 Essay Guide (Question and Answers)

Black Consciousness Movement Grade 12 Essay Guide (Question and Answers): The Black Consciousness Movement (BCM) was a grassroots anti-Apartheid activist movement that emerged in South Africa in the mid-1960s out of the political vacuum created by the jailing and banning of the African National Congress and Pan Africanist Congress leadership after the Sharpeville Massacre in 1960.

How Essays are Assessed in Grade 12

The essay will be assessed holistically (globally). This approach requires the teacher to score the overall product as a whole, without scoring the component parts separately. This approach encourages the learner to offer an individual opinion by using selected factual evidence to support an argument. The learner will not be required to simply regurgitate ‘facts’ in order to achieve a high mark. This approach discourages learners from preparing ‘model’ answers and reproducing them without taking into account the specific requirements of the question. Holistic marking of the essay credits learners’ opinions supported by evidence. Holistic assessment, unlike content-based marking, does not penalise language inadequacies as the emphasis is on the following:

  • The construction of an argument
  • The appropriate selection of factual evidence to support such an argument
  • The learner’s interpretation of the question.

Black Consciousness Movement Grade 12 Questions

Question 1: How did the ideas of the black consciousness movement challenge the apartheid regime in the 1970?

How to answer and get good marks?

  • Learners must use relevant evidence e.g. Uses relevant evidence that shows a thorough understanding of how the ideas of Black Consciousness challenged the apartheid regime in the 1970s.
  • Learners must also use evidence very effectively in an organised paragraph that shows an understanding of the topic

When you answer, you should not ignore the following key facts where applicable:

  • Black Consciousness wanted black South Africans to do things for themselves
  • Black Consciousness wanted black South Africans to act independently of other races x Self-reliance promoted self-pride among black South Africans

SASO references can also be applicable (if sources are presented)

  • SASO was formed to propagate the ideas of Black Consciousness
  • To safeguard and promote the interests of black South Africans students
  • SASO was based on the philosophy of Black Consciousness
  • SASO was associated with Steve Biko
  • SASO encouraged black South Africans students to be self-assertive

Question 2: How did the truth and reconciliation commision assist South Africa to come in terms with the past?

When you answer, you should not ignore the following key facts where applicable:

  • To ensure healing and reconciliation among victims and perpetrators of political violence through confession
  • The TRC encouraged the truth to be told
  • Hoped to bring about forgiveness through healing
  • To bring about ‘Reconciliation and National Unity’ among all South Africans
  • Any other relevant response.

Download Black Consciousness Movement Grade 12 Essay Guide (Question and Answers) on pdf format

More relevant sources

https://artsandculture.google.com/exhibit/steve-biko-the-black-consciousness-movement-steve-biko-foundation/AQp2i2l5?hl=en

https://www.britannica.com/topic/Black-Consciousness-movement

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