FIVE Types of Cyberbullying that can take place on Social Media

Social media has become an integral part of our daily lives. It allows us to connect with people, share our thoughts, and be informed about the world. However, it can also be a breeding ground for negative behavior such as cyberbullying.

FIVE Types of Cyberbullying that can take place on Social Media

Below, we will discuss five types of cyberbullying that can take place on social media, and how you can recognize and prevent them:


Harassment is the most common form of cyberbullying on social media. It involves repeatedly sending offensive or hurtful messages, comments, or images to a person with the intent to upset, embarrass, or intimidate them. This can take the form of direct messages, public comments on posts, or tagging the target in offensive content. Harassment can lead to emotional distress, a damaged reputation, and even self-harm in extreme cases.


Impersonation is when someone creates a fake social media account in the name of another person, pretending to be them. They might use the victim’s real name, photos, and personal information to make the profile appear genuine. The imposter can then use the account to post derogatory or damaging content that appears to come from the victim, which can have severe consequences on their personal and professional life.

Outing and Doxing

Outing refers to the act of revealing someone’s personal or sensitive information online without their consent. Doxing is a more extreme form of outing, where the perpetrator intentionally searches for and publishes the victim’s private information, such as their home address, phone number, or workplace. Both outing and doxing can lead to embarrassment, harassment, or even physical threats from others who see the information.


Cyberstalking is a form of harassment that involves persistent, unwanted, and obsessive online attention directed towards an individual. It can include monitoring the victim’s online activities, sending them unwanted messages, or even using location-based services to track their whereabouts. Cyberstalking can escalate into real-life stalking, resulting in severe emotional distress, fear, and even physical harm.


Exclusion is a subtle but hurtful form of cyberbullying, where someone is deliberately left out of online social activities or group conversations. This can involve not inviting someone to a group chat or event, intentionally ignoring their messages, or blocking them from accessing shared content. Exclusion can lead to feelings of isolation, loneliness, and depression.


Cyberbullying on social media is a serious issue that can have long-lasting effects on the mental and emotional well-being of its victims. Recognizing these five types of cyberbullying is the first step towards combating the problem. Educate yourself and others about these harmful behaviors and promote a positive, supportive online environment for everyone. If you or someone you know is a victim of cyberbullying, reach out to a trusted adult, friend, or professional for help and support.

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