Why Having Some Conflict is Important in a Story?

Why do you think having some conflict is important in a story:

Conflict is often considered the beating heart of a story. Without it, a narrative can become static and lack engagement. Conflict introduces obstacles, tension, and emotional depth, providing a driving force that propels the story forward. Several literary theories and practical storytelling principles emphasize the importance of conflict in a narrative. This article explores why conflict is essential, by examining its role in plot development, character growth, theme exploration, and reader engagement, with examples and references to relevant theories.

Why Having Some Conflict is Important in a Story?

Having some conflict is important in a story because it acts as a crucial engine for plot development, creating tension, obstacles, and a dynamic sequence of events that lead to a resolution. It enables character growth by forcing characters to confront challenges, make decisions, and evolve, often leading to profound transformations. Through conflict, authors can explore complex themes, delve into societal issues, and add depth to the narrative, as seen in various literary examples like “Animal Farm” by George Orwell. Furthermore, conflict creates suspense and engages readers emotionally, compelling them to invest in the story’s outcome and fostering a closer connection between the text and the reader. Theories such as Gustav Freytag’s pyramid and The Hero’s Journey emphasize the central role of conflict in shaping a story’s structure and the protagonist’s arc. In essence, conflict is the spark that brings life, depth, and complexity to a narrative, making it an indispensable element in storytelling.

Role in Plot Development

The plot of a story is the sequential arrangement of events that make up the narrative. Conflict is the engine that drives the plot, creating a series of interconnected events leading to a resolution.

  • Example: In Shakespeare’s “Hamlet,” the conflict between Hamlet and his uncle, who has usurped the throne, sets the plot in motion, leading to a series of tragic events.
  • Theory: Gustav Freytag’s pyramid, a common model used to describe the structure of a story, places conflict at the center, dividing the narrative into distinct stages such as exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.

Character Growth

Conflict often leads to character growth, as characters are forced to confront challenges, make decisions, and evolve.

  • Example: In Harper Lee’s “To Kill a Mockingbird,” Scout’s conflict with societal prejudices and her growing understanding of injustice leads to significant personal growth and maturation.
  • Theory: The Hero’s Journey, a common narrative archetype described by Joseph Campbell, often involves a central conflict that triggers the protagonist’s transformation, from the ordinary world to a heroic path.

Exploration of Themes

Conflict enables authors to explore complex themes and issues, providing depth and layers to the story.

  • Example: In George Orwell’s “Animal Farm,” the conflict between different animal factions explores themes of power, corruption, and equality.
  • Theory: Marxist literary criticism often examines conflict as a manifestation of social and class struggles, offering insights into underlying societal tensions.

Reader Engagement

Conflict creates tension and suspense, engaging readers emotionally and intellectually, compelling them to invest in the story’s outcome.

  • Example: In J.K. Rowling’s “Harry Potter” series, the ongoing conflict between Harry and Voldemort keeps readers invested in the series, eagerly awaiting each new installment.
  • Theory: Reader-Response Theory emphasizes how conflict creates a dynamic interaction between text and reader, evoking emotional responses that enhance engagement and interpretation.


Conflict is more than a mere storytelling device; it is a fundamental element that breathes life into a narrative. It shapes the plot, influences character growth, explores complex themes, and engages readers. From classic tragedies to modern thrillers, the presence of conflict adds dynamism, depth, and meaning to a story. Literary theories, such as Freytag’s pyramid, The Hero’s Journey, Marxist literary criticism, and Reader-Response Theory, further underline the essential role conflict plays in literature. Whether it’s the internal struggle within a character’s soul or a battle on a cosmic scale, conflict remains at the core of storytelling, transcending genres, cultures, and times. It is the spark that ignites the narrative flame, illuminating the human condition and our eternal struggle with ourselves, others, and the world around us.


Related Posts