On this page we recommend two ways in which women and children can be protected from discrimination and violence in the societies they live in. Did you know that South African women and children are all protected by the Bill of Rights? Let’s look at this in more details below

Acts that protect Women and Children under the Bill of Rights

South African children are protected by the Children’s Act, while women are protected by The Commission on Gender Equality (CGE), under the Bill of Rights.

Children’s Act:

The Act says that the state has to respect:

  • The rights of all children in South Africa. These rights are contained in the Bill of Rights in the Constitution. The Constitution clearly states that children’s rights must be promoted, protected and respected.
  •  The dignity and worth of the child. The state must make sure that all children are treated equally and are not discriminated against.
  • The child’s need for development and growth. A child needs to be able to play and engage in activities that suit the child’s age and developmental capacity.
  •  The right of children with disabilities to be encouraged and supported whilst taking care of their special needs.

The Commission on Gender Equality (CGE)

The Bill of Rights gives all women the right to equality. The Equality Clause says that no person may be discriminated against on a number of grounds, including things like their sex and gender.If you have been treated badly or denied a job or if you are paid poorly because of your gender, you should contact them. This is covered under the Commission on Gender Equality (CGE).

Human Rights under the Bill of Rights

Everyone who lives in South Africa is protected by the Bill of Rights. This Bill of Rights is a cornerstone of democracy in South Africa. It is the rights of all people in our country. The Bill of Rights are basic human rights that all people, not only South African citizens, should enjoy and respect. Examples of some of the rights are:

  • Equality: All people are equal and must be treated equally
  • Personal privacy: You cannot be searched or have your home or possessions searched without a warrant. ( Principals of schools, by law, do have the right to search or have children searched on the property for possession of illegal substance and dangerous weapons) People cannot open your mail or listen to your phone calls.
  • Freedom of religion, belief and opinion: You can follow the religion of your choice.
  • Freedom of speech and expression: Everyone can say or print or photograph whatever they want provided they do not break the law.
  • Freedom of association: You can associate with whoever you want to.

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