Quality of Performance Notes, Business Studies Grade 12 Questions and Answers

Find all Quality of Performance Notes, Examination Guide Scope, Lessons, Activities and Questions and Answers for Business Studies Grade 12. Learners will be able to learn, as well as practicing answering common exam questions through interactive content, including questions and answers (quizzes).

Topics under Quality of Performance

  • Quality
  • Relation between Quality and Business Functions
  • Quality Management System
  • Continuous Improvement
  • Total Quality Management (TQM)

Term 2: Quality of Performance

Quality plays a crucial role in determining the success of businesses in today’s competitive market. Here we summarise various aspects of quality, such as quality control, quality assurance, quality management, quality performance, and quality management systems. It also examines the advantages of a robust quality management system, the impact of quality performance on business functions, Total Quality Management (TQM) principles, and the potential consequences of poorly implemented TQM.

Quality Management Systems and their Advantages

A quality management system (QMS) is a structured approach to ensuring that a company’s products or services meet or exceed customer expectations.

A well-implemented QMS offers several advantages, including:

  1. Improved customer satisfaction
  2. Increased efficiency and productivity
  3. Enhanced employee engagement and motivation
  4. Reduced waste and rework
  5. Better decision-making based on data and performance metrics

Quality Performance and Business Functions

The quality of performance can significantly impact the success or failure of each business function.

High-quality performance leads to improved customer satisfaction, increased brand reputation, and ultimately, better financial results.

Quality indicators for each business function might include customer satisfaction scores, defect rates, response times, and employee performance metrics.

Total Quality Management (TQM) Principles

TQM is a comprehensive management approach that aims to achieve long-term success by focusing on customer satisfaction, continuous improvement, and employee involvement. Key elements of TQM include:

  1. Continuous skills development: Ongoing education and training to enhance employee competencies.
  2. Teamwork: Encouraging collaboration and the formation of quality circles to address quality issues.
  3. Total customer satisfaction: Prioritizing the needs and expectations of customers.
  4. Top management involvement: Commitment and support from executive leadership.
  5. Involvement of all employees: Engaging all employees in the pursuit of quality improvement.
  6. Adequate financing and capacity: Ensuring sufficient resources are allocated to support quality initiatives.
  7. Continuous improvement: Applying the Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) cycle to refine processes and systems continually.
  8. Planning, monitoring, and evaluation: Regularly assessing quality processes to identify areas for improvement.
  9. Management by facts: Basing decisions on data and performance metrics.

Impact of TQM on Small and Large Businesses

TQM can positively impact businesses of all sizes:

  1. Small businesses: Improved customer satisfaction, reduced costs, and increased competitiveness.
  2. Large businesses: Enhanced efficiency, streamlined processes, and better alignment with strategic goals.

TQM and the Reduction of the Cost of Quality

By focusing on continuous improvement and defect prevention, TQM can help businesses reduce the cost of quality, which includes costs related to waste, rework, and customer dissatisfaction.

Potential Consequences of Poorly Implemented TQM

If TQM is poorly implemented, businesses may face the following challenges:

  1. Lack of employee buy-in and engagement
  2. Insufficient resources allocated to quality initiatives
  3. Failure to achieve desired results and customer satisfaction
  4. Wasted time and effort on ineffective quality improvement efforts

Quality is a critical factor in business success, and adopting a comprehensive approach like TQM can yield significant benefits. By understanding and implementing quality management systems, focusing on continuous improvement, and engaging all employees in the pursuit of quality, businesses can thrive in the competitive market and meet or exceed customer expectations.

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