Differentiating Between the Assessment Terminologies According to CAPS

On this page, we differentiate between the various assessment terminologies according to CAPS: Assessment for Learning and Assessment of Learning. Assessment in Learning and Assessment as Learning.

Differentiating Between the Following Assessment Terminologies According to CAPS

The Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statement (CAPS) serves as a guideline for educators in structuring teaching and learning activities. Assessment is an integral part of this process. The assessment terminologies – assessment for learning, assessment of learning, assessment in learning, and assessment as learning – though seemingly similar, serve different purposes and play distinct roles in the learning process. Here, we differentiate between these assessment terminologies.

Assessment for Learning vs. Assessment of Learning

Assessment for Learning

Assessment for learning, often referred to as formative assessment, is a process that involves the use of assessment procedures to improve students’ learning. It generally occurs during the learning process and aims to provide feedback that can be used to shape teaching and learning. The information gathered helps teachers to adjust their teaching methods and aids students in understanding what they need to improve. Examples of assessment for learning include quizzes, class discussions, and draft assignments.

Assessment of Learning

In contrast, assessment of learning, also known as summative assessment, takes place after a period of instruction and is used to evaluate what students have learned. It is generally used for assigning grades and judging students’ performance against a standard or benchmark. The feedback from this type of assessment is not typically used to improve teaching or learning, but rather to measure and report learning outcomes. Examples of assessment of learning include end-of-term exams, standardized tests, and final projects.

Assessment in Learning and Assessment as Learning

Assessment in Learning

Assessment in learning is closely related to assessment for learning. It encompasses the different ways assessments are integrated within the learning process. It refers to the practice of continuously monitoring students’ progress and providing immediate feedback to help them move forward. It is often embedded in day-to-day classroom activities and is not necessarily formal. The feedback from this type of assessment is meant to be constructive and is used by both teachers and students to make adjustments to the learning process.

Assessment as Learning

Assessment as learning, on the other hand, puts the student at the center of the assessment process. It is a form of self-assessment where students are expected to monitor their own learning, ask questions, and use assessment tools to help themselves. This kind of assessment empowers students to take ownership of their learning process and become independent thinkers. It promotes metacognition, helping students to think about how they learn, set goals, and develop strategies for achieving these goals.


While all these forms of assessment are important, their use should be tailored to the learning objectives and the needs of the students. Assessment for learning and assessment in learning are formative in nature and aim to improve teaching and student learning. Assessment of learning is summative and focuses on evaluating learning outcomes. Assessment as learning emphasizes student-centered self-assessment. Educators should integrate these assessments thoughtfully and purposefully to create a comprehensive and effective learning environment.

Looking for something specific?


Related Posts