Social Sciences Grade 9 Previous Question Papers and Memos

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Social Sciences Grade 9 Questions and Answers

Multiple Choice Questions Guide

Industrial Revolution

Question 1: Which of the following best describes the Industrial Revolution?
A. The period in the 18th and 19th century, especially in Europe and North America, when machines were invented.
B. The time when agriculture became the main economic activity.
C. The era when all European countries were at war.
D. The period when the internet was created.
Answer: A. The period in the 18th and 19th century, especially in Europe and North America, when machines were invented.

Guide: The correct answer highlights the significant historical period of technological advancement and industrialization primarily in Europe and North America.

Merchant

Question 2: Who is considered a merchant?
A. A person who makes tools and equipment.
B. A person who has a trading business.
C. A person who works on a farm.
D. A person who teaches at a school.
Answer: B. A person who has a trading business.

Guide: The correct answer defines a merchant as someone engaged in trade, distinguishing them from manufacturers, farmers, and educators.

Common Land

Question 3: What is common land?
A. Land that is used for industrial purposes.
B. Land that is owned by the government.
C. Land that is shared and can be used by everyone.
D. Land that is privately owned.
Answer: C. Land that is shared and can be used by everyone.

Guide: This answer explains common land as being accessible to the public, emphasizing communal use.

Agricultural Revolution

Question 4: The Agricultural Revolution is best described as:
A. The introduction of industrial machinery to factories.
B. A change in the way farming was done.
C. The creation of new cities.
D. The colonization of new lands.
Answer: B. A change in the way farming was done.

Guide: The correct answer focuses on the transformative changes in agricultural practices during the Agricultural Revolution.

Enclosure System

Question 5: What was the Enclosure System?
A. The development of urban areas.
B. Movement of people to enclose and fence land that would then belong to one person.
C. A new method of constructing buildings.
D. The expansion of trade routes.
Answer: B. Movement of people to enclose and fence land that would then belong to one person.

Guide: The correct answer describes the enclosure movement, which significantly changed land ownership and farming in Britain.

Indentured Workers

Question 6: Who were indentured workers?
A. Individuals who owned large estates.
B. Workers who are on contract to work for a certain length of time at a certain wage for an employer.
C. Slaves working in plantations.
D. Government officials managing agricultural policies.
Answer: B. Workers who are on contract to work for a certain length of time at a certain wage for an employer.

Guide: This answer clarifies the concept of indentured labor, distinguishing it from slavery and regular employment.

Invention

Question 7: Which of the following defines an invention?
A. The discovery of new lands.
B. The creation of something new.
C. The practice of traditional customs.
D. The implementation of government policies.
Answer: B. The creation of something new.

Guide: The correct answer describes an invention as a new creation or idea.

Carat

Question 8: What is a carat?
A. A unit of time.
B. A measure of agricultural output.
C. The unit of measurement for precious stones.
D. A type of industrial machine.
Answer: C. The unit of measurement for precious stones.

Guide: This answer identifies the carat as a measurement specific to gemstones.

Monopoly

Question 9: What is a monopoly?
A. Control over a specific geographic area.
B. Control over everything in the industry.
C. A type of agricultural practice.
D. A common land used for farming.
Answer: B. Control over everything in the industry.

Guide: The correct answer explains monopoly as the exclusive control over a market or industry.

Claim

Question 10: What does the term ‘claim’ refer to in the context of land and mining?
A. Ownership of a business.
B. Piece of land which a digger had a claim and would be allowed to dig diamond.
C. A legal document for trading goods.
D. A tax imposed by the government.
Answer: B. Piece of land which a digger had a claim and would be allowed to dig diamond.

Guide: This answer describes a claim in the context of mining rights and land use.

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