Search

12 Reasons why incidents of Gender-based Violence in Communities Continue

12 Reasons why incidents of Gender-based Violence in Communities Continue in South Africa: Gender-based violence (GBV) is defined as “the general term used to capture violence that occurs as a result of the normative role expectations associated with each gender, along with the unequal power relationships between genders, within the context of a specific society.” (Safer Space)

The cycle of violence

When a relationship becomes violent, the first attack may seem like an isolated event. But when the violence continues, it usually follows this pattern:

  • Tension builds: anger, arguing, blaming, verbal abuse
  • Violence: hitting, slapping, kicking, choking, use of objects or weapons, sexual abuse, verbal threats and abuse
  • Calm period: The man may deny the violence, say he is sorry, or promise it will never happen again.

Source: Hesperian.org

12 Reasons why incidents of Gender-based Violence in Communities Continue

Below are more than 12 reasons on why incidents of Gender-based violence in communities continue:

Physical factors:

  • Lack of physical security owing to break-down of law and order, presence of armed forces/groups, collapse of law enforcement, justice institutions and family, social or community structures. Women and girls are particularly vulnerable when leaving their communities in search of work, food, water and/or firewood.
  • Poverty, lack of education and livelihood opportunities, and inadequate access to shelter, food, water, fuel, and income generation can increase exposure to GBV, including forced prostitution or survival sex.
DONT MISS:  Discussing 10 External Factors that may impact negatively on your lifestyle choices

Social /cultural /political factors:

  • Discriminatory social, cultural or religious laws, norms and practices that marginalize women and girls and fail to respect their rights.
  • Collapse of family, social and communal structures and disrupted roles within the family often expose women and girls to risk and limit coping mechanisms and avenues for protection and redress.
  • Lack of confidence and/or trust in social or public institutions, including law enforcement and justice institutions that discourage victims/survivors from seeking redress.

Judicial barriers:

  • Lack of access to justice institutions and mechanisms, resulting in culture of impunity for violence and abuse (see Part V.10).
  • Lack of adequate and affordable legal advice and representation.
  • Lack of adequate victim/survivor and witness protection mechanisms

Individual barriers:

  • Threat or fear of stigma, isolation and social exclusion.
  • Exposure to further violence at the hands of the perpetrator, the community or the authorities, including arrest, detention, ill-treatment and punishment.
  • Lack of information about human rights and on how and where to seek remedies.

Humanitarian programming obstacles:

  • Failure to address or prioritize GBV in assessments, strategy development, planning and programming because of a lack of information or understanding about the extent or nature of GBV.
  • Lack of gender-sensitive design of programmes, services and facilities, including inadequate registration practices and distribution of food and non-food items.
  • Sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeepers, human rights and humanitarian workers.
  • Other challenges including weak links with other assistance and protection programmes, lack of confidentiality, confusing reporting and referral mechanisms, and GBV committees that are isolated, under-resourced and weak, and lack support from the wider community.
DONT MISS:  How do we explain the difference between fake news and facts?

Life Orientation Grade 12

Life Orientation Quiz

[show-quiz id=”31337″ title=”Life Orientation Grade 12 Quiz”]

Life Orientation Free Study Resources


Browse a list of free resources for Life Orientation Grade 12, such as: Previous Question Papers, Study Guides, Notes, Questions and Answers

Questions and Answers

My Courses has a large Questions and Answers repository for the most popular High School and Tertiary Schools subjects. This comes in handy when doing your revision or preparing for exams, tests, research tasks, and assignments.

Ask Us a Question and we will send you the Answer Guide

Field is required!
Field is required!
Field is required!
Field is required!
  • - select a option -
  • Tertiary Level
  • Grade Twelve
  • Grade Eleven
  • Grade Ten
Field is required!

Sources:

Prev Post
APS Scores Requirements for all Psychology Degree in South African Universities
Next Post
Three Emotional Effects of Cyberbullying

Add Comment

Your email is safe with us.