Athikili ya Gurannda: Tshivenda Grammar

Athikili ya Gurannda: Tshivenda Grammar:

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Athikili ya gurannḓa ndi tshipida tsha mafhungo tshine tsha ṅwalwa nga muṅwali kana vhaṅwali vha tshi ṱanḓavhudza fhungo ḽo tiwaho. Athikili kanzhi i ḓisendeka kha mafhungo ane a khou bvelela nga tshenetsho tshifhinga, tenda a vha mafhungo a ṱuṱulaho dzangalelo ḽa vhavhali.

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Zwithu zwa ndeme zwa athikili.

  • Mvulatswinga: Hafha muá¹…wali u ḓivhadza fhungo ḽine a á¹±oḓou amba nga halo.
  • Mutumbu: Muá¹…wali u á¹±anḓavhudza fhungo lawe nga vhuḓalo.
  • Phendelo: Ndi hone hune bugu ya vhinwa hone.
    • Muá¹…wali wa athikili u tea u fhindula mbudziso dzi tevhelaho kha mafhungo awe:
      • Ndi nnyi ane a khou á¹…waliwa nga hae?
      • O ita mini?
      • Ndi nga mini o ita zwe a ita?
      • Zwo itea ngafhi?
      • Zwo itea hani?
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Tsumbo ya Athikili ya Gurannda

(Tsumbo) Example:

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Mapholisa vho vhiga u begwa ha lutshetshe Sekondari ya Mvelaphanda nga ngomu bungani ḽa mulindi. Rofhiwa ndi musidzana we a vha o ḓihwala, o vha e kha gireidi ya vhufumi ngei Sekondari ya Mvelaphanda i wanalaho kha ḽa Thembisa. Mbengeni o wanala o vhofholowa nga ngomu bungani ḽa mulindi tshikoloni, lutshetshe lu tshi khou tzhemelela nga ngomu. Rofhiwa o vha o ḓihwala a sa tendi musi ṱhohoyatshikolo vha tshi mu vhudzisa. O vha a tshi tou pfu sa tshimange tsha goya. Ndi musi muṅwe wa vhagudiswa a tshi ṱoḓou ḓithusa bungani a pfa lutshetshe lu tshi tou nanela, o mbo ḓi gidimela lufherani lwa ṱhohoyatshikolo. Ho takuwa gada ḽa u ṱoḓa Mbengeni we a vha a tshi khou humbulelwa u vha muimana. Rofhiwa o zwi limuwa uri u ḓo fariwa a shavhela ha makhulu wawe vha no dzula Dopeni. Mapholisa vho mu farela hone a tshi khou vhaisalesa nga mulandu wa tshikangala tshe tsha vha tshi tshi khou mudzindelesa.

Athikili ya Gurannda: Tshivenda Grammar

Tshivenda Grammar and Literature Resources

  1. U nwala Nganeavhutshilo ya Mufu (Obitshuwari)
  2. Tsumbo dza Matanganyi
  3. Tshaka dza Masala na Tsumbo
  4. Tshaka dza Mafhungo na Tsumbo
  5. Thenda na Khanedza
  6. Tshaka dza Maaravhi na Tsumbo
  7. Homonimi Ndi mini
  8. Mapharonimi Tshivenda
  9. Tshaka dza manyanyu na tsumbo dza hone
  10. Madadzisi ndi mini? – Tshaka dza madazisi na tsumbo
  11. Maiti ndi mini? tshaka na tsumbo
  12. Mataluli ndi mini: Tsumbo na Tshaka
  13. Utukufhadza Madzina
  14. Zwiga zwa u vhala
  15. Nganeapfufhi ndi mini
  16. Tshaka dza Madzina dza Tshivenda
  17. Akhironimi, Likateli (Makateli), Pfanywa, Homonimi, na Pholisemi
  18. Tshaka dza Manwalwa a Litheretsha
  19. Inthaviyu – Tshaka na Tsumbo
  20. Mufhindulano (Dialogue)
  21. Athikili ya Gurannda
  22. Vhurifhi ha Tshishaka na Tsumbo
  23. Muvhigo ndi mini (Report)
  24. Manweledzo (Samari) ndi mini
  25. Thodea dza Tshirendo kana Vhurendi: Tsenguluso
  26. Tshaka dza Vhurendi (Zwirendo)
DONT MISS:  Tshivenda Home Language HL Grade 12 2015 Feb - March Term 1 Exam Question Papers and Memos
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Tshivenda Grade 10 | Tshivenda Grade 11 | Tshivenda Grade 12

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DONT MISS:  Tshivenda Home Language HL Grade 12 2021 May - June Term 2 Exam Question Papers and Memos

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