Muvhigo ndi mini (Report): Tshivenda Grammar

Muvhigo ndi mini (Report): Tshivenda Grammar:

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Muvhigo

Musi ri tshi ṅwala muvhigo ri tea u dzhiela nzhele zwi tevhelaho kha muvhigo:

  • Ndi ngani muvhigo u tshi ṅwalwa.
  • Kuṅwalele kwa muvhigo.
  • Luambo lu shumiswaho kha muvhigo.
  • Hu vhigiwa zwo tumbulwaho.
  • Muvhigi u shumisa muthu wa vhuraru a tshi vhiga.
  • Muvhigi u tea u ḓa na themendelo ya zwine a khou vhiga.
  • Muvhigi u tea u sumbedza vhupfiwa hawe malugana na muvhigo.
  • Tsaino ya muvhigi i tou vha khombe-khombe
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Tshivhumbeyo tsha muvhigo

Muvhigo u na tshivhumbeo tsho katelaho zwi tevhelaho:

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  • Ṱhoho
  • Marangaphanḓa
  • Matshimbidzele

Mawanwa:

  • Phendelo
  • Themendelo
  • Tsaino ya muvhigi
  • Tshiimo tsha muvhigi na datumu

Tsumbo ya muvhigo

Ṱhoho (Topic):

Muvhigo wa u tswiwa ha tshelede nga vhana ho shumiswa thingothendeleki.

Marangaphanḓa (Introduction)

Hu tshi tevhelwa ndaela ya mapholisa vha Tshaulu u tswiwa ha tshelede mahayani nga vhana ho shumiswa thingothendeleki nga ṅwaha wa 2010 u ya kha 2011.

Matshimbidzele

  • Ho tevhelwa vho tswelwaho tshelede banngani nga vhana vhavho ho shumiswa thingothendeleki.
  • Ho vhudziswa na vhaṅwe vhabebi kusini kwonoko.
  • Ho sedzuluswa matshilele a vhanna na vhabebi kusini kwonoko.
  • Ho vhudziswa zwiimiswa zwi imelaho vhanna kha kusi kwa Masisi.

Mawanwa

  • Vhanna vhane vho ḓidzhenisa kha u tswa masheleni a vhabebi vhavho banngani vha
  • khou shona u amba nga hazwo.
  • Hezwo zwi kha ḓi vha tshililo na kha vhaṅwe vhane a vha athu u tsweliwa.
  • Tshiimiswa tshi imelelaho vhana tshi vhonala tshi tshi khou nwela khothe.
  • Vhana vha khou paṱa sa zwimange mahayani.

Phendelo

  • Vhabebi a vha tsha fulufhela vhana vhavho.

Themendelo

  • Vhabebi vha so ngo sumbedza vhana nomboro dza vhuṋe dzine vha dzi shumisa u
  • bvisa tshelede yavho banngani.

Vha so ngo sumbedza vhana nomboro dza vhuṋe dzine vha dzi shumisa kha thingothendeleki.

Vhaswa kha vha funziwe u vha na vhuḓifhinduleli kha ndaka ya vhabebi, vha gude uri musi vha tshi tswela vhabebi vha khou ḓi tswela.

Tsaino: Tshovhewaho o (Tshanḓa tsha muṅwaleli)

A Tshovhewaho 12 Luhuhi 2011

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