Inthaviyu – Tshaka na Tsumbo: Tshivenda Grammar

Inthaviyu – Tshaka na Tsumbo: Tshivenda Grammar

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Inthaviyu ya u á¹…wala

Kha ulu lushaka lwa inthaviyu ndi hune muthu a tou fhindula mbudziso nga u tou ṅwala madzuloni a u tou amba. Muvhudzisi u vha o lugisa mbudziso dzine dza ḓo fhindulwa nga u tou ṅwala.

  • Mbudziso dzine dza vhudziswa dzi vhe dzi á¹±okonyaho dza ita uri muthu a ṋee phindulo nga vhuḓalo.
  • Madzina a muambi a vhe kha tshanḓa tsha monde.
  • Ni shumise mutaladzi muswa u sumbedza muambi muswa.
  • Inthaviyu ya u á¹…wala i tou vha muá¹…walululo na zwino ndi zwine zwa tea u itea hafha:

Inthaviyu dza u edzisela dzi nga dzhia tshitaela tsha maanea a u anetshela. Musi vhagudi vha tshi ṅwalulula inthaviyu vha ṱavhanya u kona u fhambanyisa luambo lwa Tshivenḓa lwa u amba na lwa u ṅwala nahone vha dovha vha tumbula uri u ṋekedza inthaviyu i vhaleaho zwi kwama u ṱola zwe wa ṅwala nga vhuronwane. Heyi ndi yone ndeme ya u ṅwalisa vhagudi inthaviyu, hu si zwi re ngomu fhedzi.

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Tsumbo ya inthaviyu (Interview Example)

Iyi ndi inthaviyu ya vhukati ha Tendani wa gurannḓa ya Phosakufa na Sana ane o no vha na miṅwaha ya fumimbili a tshi khou tshila na tshitzhili tsha HIV.

[Ndi ofisini ya Muvhuya, hune Tendani a khou mu inthaviwa hone. ]

Mukundi: No vuwa hani namusi?

Murangi: Ndo takala nga maanḓa.

Mukundi: No zwi ḓivha lini uri no kavhiwa nga tshitzhili tsha HIV.

Murangi: Ndo zwi wanulusa miṅwaha ya malo ya fhiraho …eh nga 2005.

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Mukundi: No ḓi pfa hani musi vha tshi kwasha mukumbu.

Murangi: Sa muthu nuṅwe na muṅwe ndo vha ndo tshuwa na u ḓaḓa, nda vhona vhutshilo hanga ho swika magumoni. Tshe nda vhona ha vha lufu phanḓa hanga. Ndi livhuwa dokotela we musi a tshi mmbona ndo vhilingana ngauralo a dzula a amba na nṋe.

Mukundi: U bva afho ho itea mini?

Murangi: Ndo vha na thaidzo ya uri zwino ndi yo vhudza nnyi na hone ndi yo a thoma fhi? Fhedzi ndi tshee kha nḓaḓo yenei, ndo mbo ḓi humbula uri ndi vhudze khonani yanga we nda ri u mu vhudza a ri ndi khwiṋe a tshi ṱuwa na nṋe ra ya ra vhudza vhabebi vhanga.

Mukundi: Vhabebi vho zwi dzhiisa hani?

Murangi: Vho zwi ṱanganendza vha ntikedza lwe vha dovha vha isa phanḓa na u mpha fulufhelo vha ri tshihulwane ndi u vha na muya wa u ṱanganedza.

Mukundi: Musi muthu o ni sedza a zwi vhuyi zwa vhonala uri ni khou tshila na tshitzhili.

Murangi: Ee ndi tendelana na inwi. Ndi ḽesa mitshelo na miroho nda dovha hafhu nda ita nyonyoloso na u nwa dzilafho ḓuvha ḽiṅwe na ḽiṅwe u sa hangwi.

Mukundi: Ni nga ri mini u á¹±uá¹±uwedza vhaá¹…we vhaswa.

Murangi: Ndi zwa ndeme u ḓivha nyimele yau.

Mukundi: ndo livhuwa zwo vha zwavhuḓi u amba na inwi.

Inthaviyu - Tshaka na Tsumbo: Tshivenda Grammar

Tshivenda Grammar and Literature Resources

  1. U nwala Nganeavhutshilo ya Mufu (Obitshuwari)
  2. Tsumbo dza Matanganyi
  3. Tshaka dza Masala na Tsumbo
  4. Tshaka dza Mafhungo na Tsumbo
  5. Thenda na Khanedza
  6. Tshaka dza Maaravhi na Tsumbo
  7. Homonimi Ndi mini
  8. Mapharonimi Tshivenda
  9. Tshaka dza manyanyu na tsumbo dza hone
  10. Madadzisi ndi mini? – Tshaka dza madazisi na tsumbo
  11. Maiti ndi mini? tshaka na tsumbo
  12. Mataluli ndi mini: Tsumbo na Tshaka
  13. Utukufhadza Madzina
  14. Zwiga zwa u vhala
  15. Nganeapfufhi ndi mini
  16. Tshaka dza Madzina dza Tshivenda
  17. Akhironimi, Likateli (Makateli), Pfanywa, Homonimi, na Pholisemi
  18. Tshaka dza Manwalwa a Litheretsha
  19. Inthaviyu – Tshaka na Tsumbo
  20. Mufhindulano (Dialogue)
  21. Athikili ya Gurannda
  22. Vhurifhi ha Tshishaka na Tsumbo
  23. Muvhigo ndi mini (Report)
  24. Manweledzo (Samari) ndi mini
  25. Thodea dza Tshirendo kana Vhurendi: Tsenguluso
  26. Tshaka dza Vhurendi (Zwirendo)
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